Date of filling in this questionnaire or last update: 09/09/2021
JEM name
  Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
Contact person
  Sanni Uuksulainen
References (citation)

  • From Cross-Tabulations to Multipurpose Exposure Information Systems: A New Job-Exposure Matrix T Kauppinen 1 , J Toikkanen, E Pukkala. Am J Ind Med. 1998 Apr;33(4):409-17

References (weblinks)



Year JEM was developed

  • Dusts and Fibres
  • Solvents
  • Pesticides
  • Metals and Metal Oxides
  • Other Chemicals
  • Biological Factors
  • Physical Agents
  • Ergonomics, Physical Workload, and Injury Related
  • Psychosocial Domains
  • Organisation of Work including Working Time


  • Asbestos (any form of asbestos chrysotile, crocidolite, tremolite, anthophyllite, etc. or asbestos-containing material)
  • Other (specify)

Fibres | Specify: Other
  MMMF which includes glass wool, rock wool and wollastonite
Inorganic dusts

  • Inorganic dusts, not specified
  • Quartz (quartz or crystalline silica containing dusts)

Organic dusts

  • Animal dust (from living animals or hairs of animals, e.g. raw wool, furs of minks, etc.)
  • Flour dust
  • Plant dust (includes plants, fruits, vegetables, plant-borne materials such as natural rubber)
  • Pulp or paper dust
  • Synthetic polymer dust
  • Textile dust
  • Wood dust (hardwood)
  • Wood dust (softwood)
  • Wood dust (not specified)
  • Other (specify)

Organic dusts | Specify: Other
  leather dust
Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon solvents

  • Other (specify)

Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon solvents | Specify: Other
  aliph./alicycl hydrocarbon solvents as a group
Aromatic hydrocarbon solvents

  • Benzene
  • Styrene and styrene oxide
  • Toluene
  • Xylene
  • Other (specify)

Aromatic hydrocarbon solvents | Specify: Other
  Aromatic solvents as a group
Chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents

  • Methylene chloride
  • Perchloroethylene
  • Trichloroethanes
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Other (specify)

Chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents | Specify: Other
  Chlorinated HC as a group
Organic solvents, other than aliphatic, aromatic and chlorinated

  • Formaldehyde
  • Other (specify)

Organic solvents, other than aliphatic, aromatic and chlorinated | Specify: Other
  organic solvents other organic solvents (includes alcohols, ketones, esters, glycol ethers etc)

  • Other (specify)

Fungicides | Specify: Other
  fungicides as a group such as maneb, mancozeb, quintozene and thiram.

  • Other (specify)

Herbicides | Specify: Other
  herbisides as a group, such as MCPA

  • Other (specify)

Insecticides | Specify: Other
  insecticides as a group, such as dichlorvos, dimethoate, mevinphos, permethrin, deltamethrin, heptachlor and lindane.
Choose Metals and Metals Oxides

  • Arsenic all types
  • Cadmium and all compounds
  • Chromium (metallic chromium, Cr(iii), Cr(vi) and all compounds)
  • Iron (metallic iron and all compounds)
  • Lead and all compounds
  • Nickel and all compounds

Carbon monoxide

  • Carbon monoxide

Engine exhaust

  • Diesel engine exhaust
  • Gasoline engine exhaust


  • Isocyanates

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

  • Benzo(a)pyrene
  • Bitumen fumes
  • Other (specify)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) | Specify: Other
  oil mist as a group, PAH as a group
Second hand tobacco smoke at work (Environmental tobacco smoke - ETS)

  • Second hand tobacco smoke at work (Environmental tobacco smoke - ETS)

Sulphur compounds, volatile

  • Sulphur dioxide and sulphur trioxide

Welding fumes

  • Welding fumes, not specified


  • Other (specify)

Bacteria | Specify: Other
  Gram negative bacteria of human orgin

  • Moulds


  • Cold
  • Hand-arm vibration
  • Heat
  • Noise
  • Radiation
  • Ultrasound
  • Other (specify)


  • Ionising
  • Non-ionising
  • Solar and ultraviolet

Physical Agents | Specify: Other
  noise impulsiveness and hand vibtarion
Ergonomics, Physical Workload, and Injury Related

  • Awkward work postures (e.g. kneeling/squatting, elevated arms, neck flection, back bent forward without support)
  • Physical work load (e.g. heavy lifting of people or objects, pushing/pulling)
  • Repetitive work movements
  • Sedentary work
  • Standing work
  • Work with video display units (VDU)
  • Other (specify)

Ergonomics, Physical Workload, and Injury Related | Specify: Other
  high accident risk
Job task characteristics/organization of work

  • Psychological job demands
  • Social support at work from supervisors
  • Other (specify)

Job task characteristics/organization of work | Specify: Other
  several with different description, but available onlyt to restricted timeperiod
Shift work

  • Night (permanent or rotating)

Working hours | Other (specify)
  also life style factors (daily smoking, substantial alcohol use, poor diet, insufficient excersise, overweight) available to some timeperiods, detergents available to all timeperiods
Occupation Axis
Coding system

  • ISCO 1958

Coding system (Number of digits used)
Industry Axis
Intensity categories/units

  • Quantitative (specify unit)

Specify: Quantitative (specify unit)
  several depending on agent
Probability categories/levels
Duration categories/levels
  intensity level is a year average
Frequency categories/levels
  frequency taken into account when assessing the baseperiod 1960-84
Data source(s)

  • Expert assessment
  • Self-reported data
  • Direct measurements

Studies to which the JEM has been applied: Texts

  • Use of the Finnish Information System on Occupational Exposure (FINJEM) in Epidemiologic, Surveillance, and Other Applications .Timo Kauppinen1, Sanni Uuksulainen, Anja Saalo, Ilpo Mäkinen and Eero Pukkala. AAn. Occup. Hyg. 2014, Vol 58, No.3, 380-396

Studies to which the JEM has been applied: Attachments


  • Upon request